THE CONSTITUTION (SEVENTY-SEVENTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 1995

Statement of Objects and Reasons appended to the Constitution
       (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Bill, 1995 which was enacted as
        THE CONSTITUTION (Seventy-seventh Amendment) Act, 1995

                   STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND REASONS

The  Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes have been enjoying  the
facility of reservation in promotion since 1955.  The Supreme Court in
its  judgment  dated 16th November, 1992 in the case of Indra  Sawhney
and  Others  vs.   Union of India and Others, however,  observed   that
reservation  of  appointments  or  posts under article  16(4)   of  the
Constitution  is confined to initial appointment and cannot extent  to
reservation  in  the matter of promotion.  This ruling of the  Supreme
Court  will adversely affect the interests of the Scheduled Castes and
the  Scheduled  Tribes.   Since the representation  of  the   Scheduled
Castes  and  the Scheduled Tribes in services in the States  have  not
reached  the required level, it is necessary to continue the  existing
dispensation  of providing reservation in promotion in the case of the
Scheduled  Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.  In view of the commitment
of  the Government to protect the interest of the Scheduled Castes and
the  Scheduled  Tribes,  the Government have decided to  continue   the
existing  policy of reservation in promotion for the Scheduled  Castes
and the Scheduled Tribes.  To carry out this, it is necessary to amend
article  16 of the Constitution by inserting a new clause (4A) in  the
said article to provide for reservation in promotion for the Scheduled
Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.

2.  The Bill seeks to achieve the aforesaid object.

NEW DELHI;                                       SITARAM KESRI.

The 31st May, 1995.

THE CONSTITUTION (SEVENTY-SEVENTH AMENDMENT)
                              ACT, 1995

                                                [17th June, 1995.]

An Act further to amend the Constitution of India.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Forty-sixth Year of the Republic of
India as follows:-

1.    Short   title.-This   Act   may  be  called  the   Constitution
(Seventy-seventh Amendment) Act, 1995.

2.   Amendment of article 16.-In article 16 of the Constitution, after
clause (4), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

"(4A)  Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any
provision  for  reservation  in matters of promotion to any  class   or
classes  of  posts  in the services under the State in favour  of   the
Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes which, in the opinion of the
State,  are  not  adequately  represented in the  services   under  the
State.".