THE CONSTITUTION (NINTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 1960

Statement of Objects and Reasons appended to the Constitution (Ninth Amendment) Bill, 1960 (Bill No. 90 of 1960) which was enacted as THE CONSTITUTION (Ninth Amendment) Act, 1960

                   STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND REASONS

Agreements  between  the Governments of India and Pakistan dated  10th September,  1958, 23rd October, 1959, and 11th January, 1960,  settled certain  boundary  disputes  between  the  Governments  of   India  and Pakistan  relating  to the borders of the States of Assam, Punjab  and West Bengal, and the Union territory of Tripura.

According  to  these  agreements,   certain   territories  are  to   be transferred  to  Pakistan  after  demarcation.  In the   light  of  the Advisory  Opinion of the Supreme Court in Special Reference No.  1  of 1959,  it is proposed to amend the First Schedule to the  Constitution under  a  law relatable to article 368 thereof to give effect  to  the transfer of theses territories.

NEW DELHI;                                         JAWAHARLAL NEHRU.

The 12th December, 1960.

             THE CONSTITUTION (NINTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 1960

                                        [28th December, 1960.]

An  Act  further to amend the Constitution of India to give effect  to the  transfer  of certain territories to Pakistan in pursuance of  the agreements entered into between the Governments of India and Pakistan.

BE  it  enacted by Parliament in the Eleventh Year of the Republic  of India as follows:-

1.   Short  title.-This Act may be called   the  Constitution  (Ninth Amendment)  Act, 1960.

2.  Definitions.- In this Act,-

(a) "appointed day" means such date_661 as the Central Government may, by  notification in the Official Gazette, appoint as the date for  the transfer  of territories to Pakistan in pursuance of the Indo-Pakistan agreements,  after  causing the territories to be so  transferred  and referred  to  in  the First Schedule demarcated for the  purpose,   and different dates1 may be appointed for the transfer of such territories from different States and from the Union territory of Tripura;

(b)  "Indo-Pakistan agreements" mean the Agreements dated the 10th day of  September, 1958, the 23rd day of October, 1959 and the 11th day of January,  1960,  entered  into between the Governments  of  India   and Pakistan,  the  relevant extracts of which are set out in  the  Second Schedule;

(c) "transferred territory" means so much of the territories comprised in  the Indo-Pakistan agreements and referred to in the First Schedule as  are demarcated for the purpose of being transferred to Pakistan in pursuance of the said agreements.

3.   Amendment of the First Schedule to the Constitution.-As from  the appointed day, in the First Schedule to the Constitution,-

(a) in the paragraph relating to the territories of the State of Assam the  words,  brackets and figures "and the territories referred to  in Part  I  of the First Schedule to the Constitution  (Ninth  Amendment) Act, 1960" shall be added at the end;

(b)  in  the  paragraph relating to the territories of  the  State  of Punjab, the words, brackets and figures "but excluding the territories referred  to  in  Part II of the First Schedule  to  the   Constitution (Ninth Amendment) Act, 1960" shall be added at the end;

(c)  in the paragraph relating to the territories of the State of West Bengal, the words, brackets and figures "but excluding the territories referred  to  in  Part III of the First Schedule to  the   Constitution (Ninth Amendment) Act, 1960" shall be added at the end;

(d)  in the paragraph relating to the extent of the Union territory of Tripura,   the  words,  brackets  and   figures   "but  excluding   the territories  referred  to  in  Part IV of the First  Schedule   to  the Constitution (Ninth Amendment) Act, 1960" shall be added at the end.

                        [See Sections 2(a), 2(c) and 3]

                                PART I

The  transferred  territory in relation to item (7) of paragraph 2  of the  Agreement dated the 10th day of September, 1958, and item (i)  of paragraph 6 of the Agreement dated the 23rd day of October, 1959.

                               PART II

The  transferred  territory in relation to item (i) and item  (iv)  of paragraph 1 of the Agreement dated the 11th day of January, 1960.

                               PART III

The  transferred territory in relation to item (3), item (5) and  item (10)  of paragraph 2 of the Agreement dated the 10th day of September, 1958,  and paragraph 4 of the Agreement dated the 23rd day of October, 1959.

                               PART IV

The  transferred  territory in relation to item (8) of paragraph 2  of the Agreement dated the 10th day of September, 1958.

                         THE SECOND SCHEDULE

                          [See section 2(b)]

1.  EXTRACTS FROM THE NOTE CONTAINING THE AGREEMENT DATED THE 10TH DAY OF SEPTEMBER, 1958

2.   As  a  result of the discussions, the following  agreements  were arrived at:-

(3) Berubari Union No.  12

This will be so divided as to give half the area to Pakistan the other half  adjacent  to  India being retained by India.   The   division  of Berubari  Union  No.   12  will  be  horizontal,   starting  from   the north-east corner of Debiganj thana.

The  division  should  be made in such a manner that the  Cooch  Behar enclaves  between  Pachagar thana of East Pakistan and Berubari  Union No.  12 of Jalpaiguri thana of West Bengal will remain connected as at present  with Indian territory and will remain with India.  The  Cooch Behar  enclaves  lower  down between Boda thana of East  Pakistan   and Berubari  Union  No.   12  will be  exchanged   alongwith  the  general exchange of enclaves and will go to Pakistan.

(5) 24 Parganas---Khulna 24 Parganas---Jessore Boundary disputes.

It  is agreed that the mean of the two respective claims of India  and Pakistan  should  be adopted, taking the river as a guide, as  far  as possible, in the case of the latter dispute  (Ichhamati river).

(7) Piyain and Surma river regions to be demarcated in accordance with the  relevant notifications, cadastral survey maps and, if  necessary, record  of rights.  Whatever the result of this demarcation might  be, the  nationals  of  both  the  Governments to  have   the  facility  of navigation on both these rivers.

(8)  Government of India agree to give in perpetual right to  Pakistan the land belonging to Tripura State to the west of the railway line as well as the land appurtenant to the railway line at Bhagalpur.

(10)  Exchange  of old Cooch Behar enclaves in Pakistan  and  Pakistan enclaves  in India without claim to compensation for extra area  going to Pakistan, is agreed to.

(Sd.) M.  S.  A.  BAIG, Foreign Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Relations, Government of Pakistan.

(Sd.)  M.   J.   DESAI, Commonwealth Secretary, Ministry  of  External Affairs, Government of India.

NEW DELHI, THE SEPTEMBER 10, 1958.

2.   EXTRACTS  FROM  AGREEMENT   ENTITLED "AGREED  DECISIONS  AND  PRO- CEDURES  TO  END DISPUTES AND INCIDENTS ALONG THE  INDO-EAST  PAKISTAN BORDER AREAS", DATED THE 23RD DAY OF OCTOBER, 1959.

4.   West  Bengal-East  Pakistan   Boundary Over 1,200  miles  of  this boundary  have  already  been  demarcated.  As  regards   the  boundary between  West  Bengal  and East Pakistan in the  areas  of   Mahananda, Burung and Karatoa rivers, It was agreed that demarcation will be made in  accordance  with  the latest cadastral survey  maps   supported  by relevant notifications and record-of-rights.

6. Assam-East Pakistan Boundary.

(i)  The  dispute  concerning  Bagge Award III  has  been  settled  by adopting  the  following  rational  boundary in  the   Patharia  Forest Reserve region:

From a point marked X (H522558) along the Radcliffe Line BA on the old Patharia  Reserve Boundary as shown in the topographical map sheet No. 83D/5,  the boundary line shall run in close proximity and parallel to the  cart  road  to  its south to a point A (H531554);    thence  in  a southerly  direction  up  the spur and along the ridge to a  hill   top marked  B  (H523529);  thence in a south-easterly direction along  the ridge  down the spur across a stream to a hill top marked C (H532523); thence  in a southerly direction to a point D (H530517);  thence in  a south-westerly  direction  to  a flat top E (H523507);   thence   in  a southerly   direction   to  a  point  F   (H524500);    thence   in   a south-easterly direction in a straight line to the mid-stream point of the  Gandhai  Nala  marked  G  (H540494);   thence   in  south-westerly direction  up  the  mid-stream of Gandhai Nala to point  H   (H533482); thence  in a south-westerly direction up a spur and along the ridge to a  point  I (H517460);  thence in a southerly direction to a point  on the  ridge  marked J (H518455);  thence in a south-westerly  direction along  the  ridge to a point height 364 then continues along the  same direction  along the same ridge to a point marked K (H500428);  thence in  a  south  and south-westerly direction along the same ridge  to   a point marked L (H496420);  thence in a south- easterly direction along the  same  ridge  to  a  point   marked  M   (H499417);   thence  in  a south-westerly direction along the ridge to a point on the bridle path with  a  height  587;   then  up the spur to the  hill   top  marked  N (H487393);  then in a south-easterly and southerly direction along the ridge  to  the  hill  top  with height 692;   thence   in  a  southerly direction  down the spur to a point on Buracherra marked O  (H484344); thence  in  a south-westerly direction up the spur along the ridge  to the  trigonometrical  survey  station with height 690;   thence   in  a southerly  direction along the ridge to a point height 490  (H473292); thence in a straight line due south to a point on the eastern boundary of  the  Patharia  Reserve  Forest  marked  Y   (H473263);   along  the Radcliffe Line BA

The  line  described  above  has   been   plotted  on  two  copies   of topographical map sheets Nos.  83D/5, 83D/6 and 83D/2.

The technical experts responsible for the ground demarcation will have the  authority to make minor adjustments in order to make the boundary alignment agree with the physical features as described.

The  losses  and  gains  to   either  country  as  a  result  of  these adjustments  with  respect  to  the line marked on  the  map   will  be balanced by the technical experts.

(Sd.)  J.   G.  KHARAS, Acting Foreign Secretary, Ministry of  Foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Relations, Karachi.

(Sd.)  M.   J.   DESAI, Commonwealth Secretary, Ministry  of  External Affairs, New Delhi.

NEW DELHI;  OCTOBER 23, 1959.

3.   EXTRACTS  FROM  THE   AGREEMENT  ENTITLED  "AGREED  DECISIONS  AND PROCEDURES  TO END DISPUTES AND INCIDENTS ALONG THE INDO-WEST PAKISTAN BORDER AREAS", DATED THE 11TH DAY OF JANUARY, 1960.

1.   West  Pakistan-Punjab  border.-Of the total of 325 miles  of  the border  in this sector, demarcation has been completed along about 252 miles.   About 73 miles of the border has not yet been demarcated  due to differences between the Governments of India and Pakistan regarding interpretation  of  the  decision  and Award of  the  Punjab   Boundary Commission  presented  by  Sir  Cyril Radcliffe  as   Chairman  of  the Commission.  These differences have been settled along the lines given below in a spirit of accommodation:

(i)  The Sarja Marja, Rakh Hardit Singh and Pathanke (Amritsar- Lahore border).-The Governments of India and Pakistan agree that the boundary between  West-Pakistan and India in the this region should follow  the boundary  between  the Tehsils of Lahore and Kasur as laid down  under Punjab  Government  Notification  No.  2183-E, dated 2nd  June,   1939. These  three villages will in consequence, fall within the territorial jurisdiction of the Government of Pakistan.

(iv)  Suleimanke  (Ferozepur-Montgomery   border).-The  Governments  of India  and  Pakistan agree to adjust the district boundaries  in  this region  as specified in the attached Schedule and as shown in the  map appended thereto as Annexure I.

(Sd.)  M.   J.   DESAI, Commonwealth Secretary, Ministry  of  External Affairs, Government of India.

(Sd.) J.  G.  KHARAS, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Relations, Government of Pakistan.

NEW DELHI;  JANUARY 11, 1960.